使用 rclone 在 Windows 下挂载 Google 个人 / 团队云盘

  • 使用 rclone 在 Windows 下挂载 Google 个人 / 团队云盘已关闭评论
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工具

rclone : https://rclone.org/downloads/
winfsp : http://www.secfs.net/winfsp/download/


其中rclone的windows版需要解压,并添加解压目录到系统路径中。(额,不添加,然后使用时写完整路径也行)。而依赖库winfsp下载完后一路Next直接安装就可以了。

补充工具
mmozeiko/RcloneBrowser: https://github.com/mmozeiko/RcloneBrowser 一款跨平台的Rclone GUI

添加Google团队云盘

确认rclone已经添加到系统路径中后可以使用rclone config进入配置项。

配置Rclone

[[email protected] ~]# rclone config
2018/11/27 14:12:30 NOTICE: Config file "/root/.config/rclone/rclone.conf" not found - using defaults
No remotes found - make a new one
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n 
name> codesofun
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
   \ "union"
 2 / Alias for a existing remote
   \ "alias"
 3 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
   \ "s3"
 5 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 6 / Box
   \ "box"
 7 / Cache a remote
   \ "cache"
 8 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
10 / FTP Connection
   \ "ftp"
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
12 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
13 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
14 / JottaCloud
   \ "jottacloud"
15 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
16 / Mega
   \ "mega"
17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \ "azureblob"
18 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
19 / OpenDrive
   \ "opendrive"
20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
21 / Pcloud
   \ "pcloud"
22 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \ "qingstor"
23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
24 / Webdav
   \ "webdav"
25 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
26 / http Connection
   \ "http"
Storage> 12
** See help for drive backend at: https://rclone.org/drive/ **
 
Google Application Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id> 
Google Application Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret> 
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
   \ "drive"
 2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
   \ "drive.readonly"
   / Access to files created by rclone only.
 3 | These are visible in the drive website.
   | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
   \ "drive.file"
   / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
 4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
   \ "drive.appfolder"
   / Allows read-only access to file metadata but
 5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
   \ "drive.metadata.readonly"
scope> 1 
ID of the root folder
Leave blank normally.
Fill in to access "Computers" folders. (see docs).
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
root_folder_id> 
Service Account Credentials JSON file path 
Leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
service_account_file> 
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didn't work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link:  https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?access_type=offline&client_id=202264815644.apps.googleusercontent.com&redirect_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Awg%3Aoauth%3A2.0%3Aoob&response_type=code&scope=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive&state=982fb9a7db490013d45c67d1999fecc4
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Enter verification code> 4/owAaAIkVMZwHI***********************
Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n>y
Fetching team drive list...
No team drives found in your account--------------------
[codesofun]
type = drive
scope = drive
token = {"access_token":"ya29.GlthBlm33ZRXC_HEYgGa0IZixHdAFyBGULJktuRF__tHkK5MnR9JKuo2lfGXeIHvl1sL2AHXe5iUKYsY95KNnku0ULXmEXkx2sFCYrjA_SwtlYh6dDvuRSfB_Wnq","token_type":"Bearer","refresh_token":"1/2XddeAX232tfYdpNIwGZCftlTNlVvok0nnLi2iiRLWIGdyX3UuGPe77Trsk2MgtB","expiry":"2018-11-27T15:18:10.834839212+08:00"}
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d>y
Current remotes:
 
Name                 Type
====                 ====
codesofun            drive
 
e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q>q

注意在提示“Configure this as a team drive?”时,输入Y,并填入需要使用的团队云盘

官方文档: https://rclone.org/drive/#team-drives

挂载 Mount

我这里假设我前面添加的名称为GDrive,想要挂载在本机的X:上,并设置缓存目录为F:\Temp(cache路径中请不要带有空格,默认缓存目录为C盘用户目录下, C:\Users\<Your user name>\AppData\Local\rclone)。那么运行以下命令执行挂载(整个GDrive根目录)操作,然后你就会看到一个可爱的X盘出现了~

rclone mount GDrive:/ x: --cache-dir F:\Temp --vfs-cache-mode writes

关于vfs-cache-mode项设置,还是建议看下官方的说明根据自己的需求和网络情况来进行选择 https://rclone.org/commands/rclone_mount/#file-caching 。这里只做简单说明:

off: In this mode the cache will read directly from the remote and write directly to the remote without caching anything on disk. (本地不做任何缓存,所有文件直接从云端获取并写入。建议网速特别好时(复制粘贴大文件时建议至少100M管以上速度)使用。
minimal: This is very similar to “off” except that files opened for read AND write will be buffered to disks. This means that files opened for write will be a lot more compatible, but uses the minimal disk space. (和off类似,但是已经打开的文件会被缓存到本地。个人推荐,小文件基本够用,但是如果你的网络情况(梯子)不是特别好的话,用writes也行
writes: In this mode files opened for read only are still read directly from the remote, write only and read/write files are buffered to disk first. (如果文件属性为只读则只从云端获取,不然先缓存在本地进行读写操作,随后被同步。个人推荐使用,但是在直接从本地复制文件到GDrive时还是看网络情况
full:In this mode all reads and writes are buffered to and from disk. When a file is opened for read it will be downloaded in its entirety first. (所有的读写操作都会缓存到磁盘中。然后才会同步。不是很推荐。会导致所有文件均被缓存到本地。直到达到你缓存总额(—cache-total-chunk-size,默认大小10G)。但是你网速特别差时也可以使用。

后端运行以及开机自动挂载

上面的挂载操作在退出cmd后就自动结束了,所以我们需要让它后台运行。

rclone虽然提供了--daemon参数来实行后台运行,但是该参数并不适合于windows环境中。会有如下提示:

rclone mount GDrive:/ x: --cache-dir F:\Temp --vfs-cache-mode writes --daemon
2018/05/01 09:54:19 background mode not supported on windows platform

所以,我们需要另外想个办法让rclone能够后端运行以及开机自动挂载。

在你之前解压的rclone目录下新建一个文本文件,填入以下内容,请注意修改倒数第二行的WS.Run中相关命令为你上步成功执行的命令,然后将该文件名改为rclone.vbs (后缀名为.vbs即可)

Option Explicit
Dim WMIService, Process, Processes, Flag, WS
Set WMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationlevel=impersonate}!\\.\root\cimv2")
Set Processes = WMIService.ExecQuery("select * from win32_process")
Flag = true
for each Process in Processes
    if strcomp(Process.name, "rclone.exe") = 0 then
        Flag = false
        exit for
    end if
next
Set WMIService = nothing
if Flag then
    Set WS = Wscript.CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")
    WS.Run "rclone mount GDrive:/ x: --cache-dir F:\Temp --vfs-cache-mode writes", 0
end if

完成后双击运行,你会看到X盘挂载成功。

补充说明下,如果你看到显示的挂载空间其实是个人空间大小,请参阅此issue: The amount of disk space incorrent when mount Team Drives (gdrive) in Windows 10 · Issue #2288 · ncw/rclone 下载最新的rclone并安装。但超大文件仍建议使用rclone copy或者rclone sync进行复制或者同步操作,而不是直接使用挂载盘,以免卡挂载盘。

使用 rclone 在 Windows 下挂载 Google 个人 / 团队云盘

如果你需要中断这个挂载操作,请直接在任务管理器中kill掉rclone.exe进程即可。

然后将这个文件复制(或者剪贴)到开机项中C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp(Windows 10)即可实现开机自动挂载~

上传速度相关

rclone直接连通www.goolgeapi.com进行文件的上传与下载操作。能直接走IPv6流量,在教育网100M环境下,能做到满速上传。其他环境网速视你的网络情况决定。

使用 rclone 在 Windows 下挂载 Google 个人 / 团队云盘
使用 rclone 在 Windows 下挂载 Google 个人 / 团队云盘
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